What is the different between the following sentences:
The box containing the paper is for Kevin.
The box contained the paper is for Kevin.
I read some articles explaining the use of participle phrases but I am not sure when to use ing or ed, can someone clarify? is both means the same?
Sentence (2) is not correct.
See if this helps, and then come back with any further questions you have about this.
Thanks, but sorry. I am still confused.
1. I opened the box containing the paper.
2. I opened the box contained the paper.
is #2 still wrong?
ing is in active voice = the box contains the paper.
ed is in passive = the paper was contained in the box??
Yes, it is still wrong, and it is not passive voice. The passive version of your first example would be:
(1) "The box containing the paper was opened by me".
Most passives require the verb "be" + past participle, as in (1), but your second example is active, not passive since there is no verb "be" present. It is also ungrammatical because in the active voice, "box" requires either a present participial clause or a relative clause:
(2) "I opened the box containing the paper".
(3) "I opened the box which contained the paper".
In (2) and (3) the underlined clauses are modifying "box". The first is present-participial clause, and the second a relative clause.
Jason, may I ask you a question? Are you a native speaker of English, or are you learning it as a second or foreign language?
Thanks Paul. I am an ESL student . I am trying to understand when to use present participle and past participle as an adjective phrase to describe a noun.
Example 1: Employees are required to follow the protocols outlined in this manual.
I believe "outlined in this manual" is a past participle phrase?
Example 2: Employees are required to follow the protocols, outlining in this manual.
I believe "outlining in this manual" is a present participle phrase?
After reading your comment, I would rewrite the sentence:
Example 3: Employees are required to follow the protocols which outlined in this manual.
Example 4: Employees are required to follow the protocols, outlining in this manual.
Are those correct? If so, what is the difference?